Dr Collingwood et al UK Study - Pocket Mask - 1 Pages

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Dr Collingwood et al UK Study - Pocket Mask

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Four Pocket Masks: Ease of Assembly and Sturdiness Dr K Collingwood, SpR Anaesthetics, Mr S Beaumont, EME Department Collingwood, Beaumont, Dr A J Walmsley, Consultant in Anaesthetics Walmsley, Eastbourne District General Hospital Kings Drive, Eastbourne, UK Purpose of study Purpose of study The aim was to test the ease of assembly, sturdiness and integrity of four Pocket Masks – Allied, Ambu, The aim was to test the ease of assembly, sturdiness and integrity of four Pocket Masks – Allied, Ambu, Laerdal and Lifeguard. Laerdal and Lifeguard. The study was divided into two parts. The first part was to assess the ease of assembly of each mask and it’s The study was divided into two parts. The first part was to assess the ease of assembly of each mask and it’s ease of use. The second part tested the masks for leakage and filter efficiency. ease of use. The second part tested the masks for leakage and filter efficiency. Methods Methods STUDY 1 STUDY 1 Eight theatre porters and health care assistants, with no experience in resuscitation, were asked to carry out three tasks. Eight theatre porters and health care assistants, with no experience in resuscitation, were asked to carry out three tasks. Firstly, each person was asked to remove each of the four masks in turn from its packaging and using the instructions if necessary, to prepare the mask Firstly, each person was asked to remove each of the four masks in turn from its packaging and using the instructions if necessary, to prepare the mask for use. The end point was taken as the placing of the mask correctly on to the face of a mannequin. The order of use of the masks was organised so for use. The end point was taken as the placing of the mask correctly on to the face of a mannequin. The order of use of the masks was organised so that each mask was used first, second, third and fourth an equal number of times to ensure familiarisation with assembly was not a factor. A brand that each mask was used first, second, third and fourth an equal number of times to ensure familiarisation with assembly was not a factor. A brand new, previously unopened, mask was used each time. new, previously unopened, mask was used each time. Secondly, once the mask was placed on the mannequin, the subject was asked to connect the mask to a piece of oxygen tubing. This time was noted. Secondly, once the mask was placed on the mannequin, the subject was asked to connect the mask to a piece of oxygen tubing. This time was noted. Finally, each subject was asked a series of questions about the four masks. Finally, each subject was asked a series of questions about the four masks. STUDY 2 STUDY 2 Part a). Four of each of the masks were held firmly on a flat surface and the cavity of the mask filled with expanding builders foam. The pressure on Part a). Four of each of the masks were held firmly on a flat surface and the cavity of the mask filled with expanding builders foam. The pressure on the mask was maintained for one minute. Each mask was assessed for any leakages and the site of leakage noted and timed. the mask was maintained for one minute. Each mask was assessed for any leakages and the site of leakage noted and timed. Part b). The other four of each mask had coloured water dropped from a burette at a constant rate onto the mask filters from above. The volume of Part b). The other four of each mask had coloured water dropped from a burette at a constant rate onto the mask filters from above. The volume of coloured water was noted when leakage occurred through the filter. coloured water was noted when leakage occurred through the filter. Study 2a: Builders foam introduced whilst mask held flat on surface to check for areas of leakage (valve) Study 1: Time to prepare and assemble mask for use Conclusions Conclusions STUDY 1 – Time to open and prepare mask for use (secs) MASK QUESTIONNAIRE (First choice only) AVERAGE TIME TO MANNEQUIN Container easiest to open? Directions easiest to understand? Which easiest to connect to oxygen? Which mask most resilient? Which mask provides most protection to rescuer? Which mask provides protection to patient? Part a). All four masks of each make did or didn’t leak consistently from the same places in exactly the same time. MASK Study 2b: Coloured water dripped from burette onto filter. Volume measured to when leakage occurred from filter TIME LEAKED O2 port only (with cap off) In the questionnaire the Laerdal mask was In the questionnaire the Laerdal mask was considered to provide the best protection to considered to provide the best protection to rescuer and patient. rescuer and patient. Part (b) Average volume of coloured water when filter leaked (mls) Although there was a difference in the Although there was a difference in the speed of assembly of the four different speed of assembly of the four different masks, this was not considered significant. masks, this was not considered significant. The Laerdal mask was slowest to assemble The Laerdal mask was slowest to assemble and apply to the mannequin but the fastest and apply to the mannequin but the fastest to attach to oxygen tubing. Both of these to attach to oxygen tubing. Both of these were associated with the stiffness and were associated with the stiffness and sturdiness of these masks. This was sturdiness of these masks. This was backed up in the questionnaire. backed up in the questionnaire. The foam test could simulate patient The foam test could simulate patient vomiting and therefore protection to the vomiting and therefore protection to the rescuer. Only the Laerdal and Lifeguard rescuer. Only the Laerdal and Lifeguard masks didn’t leak through their valves. The masks didn’t leak through their valves. The Lifeguard mask did however leak from the Lifeguard mask did however leak from the oxygen port when its stopper was removed. oxygen port when its stopper was removed. The Laerdal mask didn’t leak from any site. The Laerdal mask didn’t leak from any site. The filter barrier is important in mouth to The filter barrier is important in mouth to mouth rescue. Contamination can be mouth rescue. Contamination can be transferred via droplets and so the filters’ transferred via droplets and so the filters’ ability to hold back water droplets is ability to hold back water droplets is crucial. The water column test showed the crucial. The water column test showed the Laerdal filter held the most water before Laerdal filter held the most water before leakage occurred with the Merlin mask leakage occurred with the Merlin mask holding the leas

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